27 June: Maharaja Ranjit Singh’s Death Anniversary

27 June: Maharaja Ranjit Singh’s Death Anniversary

Maharaja Ranjit Singh (Punjabi ਰਣਜੀਤ ਸਿੰਘ) (13 November 1780 – 27 June 1839) was the founder of the Sikh Empire, which came to power in the Indian subcontinent in the early half of the 19th century. The empire, based in the Punjab region, existed from 1799 to 1849. It was forged, on the foundations of the Dal Khalsa, under the leadership of Ranjit Singh from a collection of autonomous Sikh Misls. Ranjit Singh was succeeded…

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2 July: Akal Takht anniversary

2 July: Akal Takht anniversary

Akal Takhat (Punjabi: ਅਕਾਲ ਤਖ਼ਤ, Akāl Taḵẖt) means the Throne of the Immortal and is the highest political institution of the Sikhs. “Akal” means “The Timeless One” – another term for God. “Takhat” means “throne” in Persian. The Akal Takhat is an impressive building that sits directly in front of the causeway leading to the Golden Temple in Amritsar, Punjab, about 290 miles (470 km) northwest of New Delhi. The Akal Takhat was founded by…

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9 July: Bhai Mani Singh ji martyrdom day (1670 – 9 July 1737)

9 July: Bhai Mani Singh ji martyrdom day (1670 – 9 July 1737)

Bhai Mani Singh ji (1670 – 9 July 1737) was a childhood companion of Guru Gobind Singh and took the vows of Sikhism when the Guru ji established the Khalsa panth in March 1699. Soon after that, the Guru sent him to Amritsar to take charge of the Harimandar Sahib, which had been without a custodian since 1696. He took control and steered the course of Sikh destiny at a critical stage in Sikh history….

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19 June: Anandpur sahib celebrations: Holy city turns 351

19 June: Anandpur sahib celebrations: Holy city turns 351

Anandpur sahib, earlier known as Makhowal, the town was founded by Ninth Sikh Guru, Guru Teg Bahadur Ji. The foundation was laid on June 19, 1665. On the occasion of Baisakhi in 1699, Guru Gobind Singh baptised “Panj Piare” at this place, marking the inauguration of the Kalsa. The town, deeply revered by Sikhs as the ‘city of bliss’, gives a special identity to Sikhs. Gurur Gobind Singh ji felt that the Sikhs were very…

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Zorawar Singh, and Fateh Singh, the two younger sons of Guru Gobind Singh, executed in Sirhind (26 Dec)

Zorawar Singh, and Fateh Singh, the two younger sons of Guru Gobind Singh, executed in Sirhind (26 Dec)

Sahibzada Zorawar Singh (Punjabi: ਸਾਹਿਬਜ਼ਾਦਾ ਜ਼ੋਰਾਵਰ ਸਿੰਘ) was the third of Guru Gobind Singh’s four sons. He and his younger brother, Sahibzada Fateh Singh are among the most hallowed martyrs in Sikhism. Sahibzada Fateh Singh was the youngest of Guru Gobind Singh’s four sons. He and his older brother, Sahibzada Zorawar Singh are among the most hallowed martyrs in Sikhism. He is also known as Baba Fateh Singh. The term Baba is used in India…

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Ajit Singh and Jujhar Singh, the two elder sons of Guru Gobind Singh, martyred (21 Dec)

Ajit Singh and Jujhar Singh, the two elder sons of Guru Gobind Singh, martyred (21 Dec)

Ajit Singh (1687–1704) also referred to with honorifics as Sahibzada Ajit Singh or Baba Ajit Singh was the eldest son of Sikh guru Guru Gobind Singh. His younger brothers were Sahibzada Jujhar Singh, Sahibzada Zorawar Singh and Sahibzada Fateh Singh. He was killed during Second Battle of Chamkaur Ajit Singh was born to Mata Sundari and Guru Gobind Singh at Patna Sahib on 3 January 1687. The following year, Guru Gobind Singh returned with the…

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Guru Tegh Bahadur martyred in Delhi by Aurangzeb for defending the oppressed (24 Nov)

Guru Tegh Bahadur martyred in Delhi by Aurangzeb for defending the oppressed (24 Nov)

Guru Tegh Bahadur (Punjabi: ਗੁਰੂ ਤੇਗ਼ ਬਹਾਦਰ, Punjabi pronunciation: [ɡʊru teɣ bəhɑdʊɾ]; 1 April 1621 – 11 November 1675), revered as the ninth Nanak, was the ninth of ten Gurus (Prophets) of the Sikh religion. Guru Teg Bahadur carried forward the light of Guru Nanak’s sanctity and divinity, and his spiritual revelations are registered in the form of 115 poetic hymns in the eternal Guru of Sikhs, Guru Granth Sahib. Guru Teg Bahadur set a…

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Guru Gobind Singh becomes the tenth Guru of the Sikhs (24 Nov)

Guru Gobind Singh becomes the tenth Guru of the Sikhs (24 Nov)

Guru Gobind Singh (About this sound pronunciation (help·info); born Gobind Rai;22 December 1666 – 7 October 1708) was a spiritual master, warrior, poet and philosopher. He was the last of the 10 Sikh Gurus and succeeded his father Guru Tegh Bahadur as the leader of the Sikhs at the young age of nine. Among his notable contributions to Sikhism are the Five Ks, the five articles of faith that Khalsa Sikhs wear at all times,…

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